In the wild-type group of children, 36 children of 711 (5.1%) had malaria in which case only six (0.84%) had single re-infections (twice) and the remaining 30 children (4.2%) had only one malaria attack. Our results indicate that the prevalence of c.264T>G CD36 mutation is very low in northern
Tanzania. These results are in line with other studies previously conducted in different parts of the world. CD36 deficiency has been found to occur in prevalence rates in 2% of Gambia, 2.1% of Makran, Pakistan, 4.5% of northern eastern Bantu-Kenya , 2.3% in Muheza, Tanzania  but in <0.3% of Americans of European descent . Higher prevalence of CD36 find more deficiency in other parts of the world (9% in the coastal region of Kenya, and 26% in Nigeria) might indicate recent origin for the allele in those regions with subsequent migration. The protection by acquired immunity after malaria vaccination is the major drive for its development. Antibodies, particularly cytophilic IgG subclasses, with specificity for asexual blood stage antigens of P. falciparum, are thought to play an important role in acquired immunity to malaria. Although repeated blood stage infections induce antibodies considered offering the main disease protection, their essential functions have remained speculative in the presence of many factors that commonly modulate host immune responses to asexual stages antigens of P. falciparum. Host genetic variation
and parasite heterogeneity are among them. We stratified our data to analyse the influence of the studied mutation on acquisition of anti-MSP-119 antibodies and incidence of malaria. Homozygous and heterozygous children were grouped FGFR inhibitor together as carriers and analysed against normal (wild-type) children. MSP-119 seropositivity was found to increase from the baseline survey to the survey after 1 year in both categories. A similar trend was observed for mean IgG levels which also increased from baseline to final sampling, in both carrier and normal children. We observed a higher malaria incidence in the carrier group in which 19 of 36 (52.8%) had malaria at least once, against 36 of 711 (5.1%) in the wild-type group. Our results PAK6 show
that the presence of the mutation that causes CD36 deficiency suppresses immune responsiveness to MSP-119, despite exposure to the P. falciparum antigens. While there was a clear increase in MSP-119 seropositivity in the normal and heterozygous children, per cent seropositivity to MSP-119 in CD36 deficient children did not change after 12 months of follow-up. The same trend was observed when CD36 deficient and heterozygous children were combined and compared against normal children. Our findings present an interesting observation of the role played by one of the molecules expressed on the surface of immune cells on anti-malaria antibody acquisition. CD36 is popularly known for its roles in lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and also its signal transducing functions in the body.