Although foreign born Hispanic women with the least education app

Although foreign born Hispanic women with the least education appeared to generally have low risk, this seems likely to be a marker for unmeasured environmental and behavioral factors, rather than a causally protective effect of low education itself.”
“Quality assurance becomes an increasingly important part of clinical PF-03084014 Neuronal Signaling inhibitor medicine and of the field of endoscopy. Endoscopic sphincterotomy is associated with a fairly high complication rate. We aimed to assess our quality of sphincterotomy

for benchmarking by using a prospective electronic database registry, and to identify potential risk factors for post-interventional complications. Over 2 years, 471 sphincterotomies were performed in a single tertiary referral centre. Patient- and procedure-related variables were

prospectively recorded with the support of a multi-centre international sphincterotomy registry. Multivariate analysis was performed. The overall post-interventional complication rate was 9.3%. Pancreatitis happened in 5.5%, bleeding in 2.1%, perforation in 1.3%, and cholangitis in 0.4%. In the multivariate analysis following variables remained highly significant and predictive for complications: ‘papilla only in lateral view’ (p=0.001), antiplatelet therapy (p=0.024), and opacification with contrast up to the pancreatic tail (p=0.001). The primary success rate of sphincterotomy was 95.1%. The rate of post-interventional pancreatitis did not differ significantly regardless of the presence of prophylactic pancreatic stent (p=0.56). The outcome of sphincterotomy in our centre matches with literature data. The extent of pancreatic duct opacification has an

influence on the pancreatitis rate. Prevention Bafilomycin A1 price of pancreatitis by inserting pancreatic stents is not confirmed.”
“Silver nanoparticles were successfully synthesized from aqueous silver nitrate through a simple green route using the extract of Mango peel as a reducing as well as capping agent. The possible biochemical mechanism leading to the formation of silver nanoparticles was studied using FTIR. The various operational parameters were evaluated for biosynthesis process. The results obtained from UV-vis spectrum, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Transmission electron microscope (TEM) revealed that the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles are in the size range of 7-27 nm and is crystallized in face centered cubic symmetry. Further, the antibacterial application of these biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles loaded onto non-woven fabrics has also been discussed. The results show that non-woven fabrics loaded with biosynthesis silver nanoparticles displayed excellent antibacterial activity. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Many studies compared the degree of concordance between adolescents’ and parents’ reports on family socioeconomic status (SES). However, none of these studies analyzed whether the degree of concordance varies by different levels of household financial stress.

6 +/- 10 years; 54% male; baseline blood pressure (BP) 161/98 mm

6 +/- 10 years; 54% male; baseline blood pressure (BP) 161/98 mm Hg, 32% stage 1). Patients were randomized to valsartan 80 mg (V-low), valsartan 160 mg (V-high) or valsartan/HCTZ 160/12.5 mg (V/HCTZ), and electively titrated after weeks 2 and 4 to the next dosage level (maximum dose valsartan/HCTZ 160/25 mg) if BP remained

4140/90 mm Hg. At end of the study, patients initiated with V/HCTZ required less titration steps compared with the initial valsartan monotherapy groups (63 vs 86% required titration by study end, respectively) and reached the target BP goal of <140/90 mm Hg in a shorter period of time (2.8 weeks) (P < 0.0001) vs V-low (4.3 weeks) and V-high (3.9 weeks). Initial combination therapy was also associated with higher BP control rates

and greater reductions check details in both systolic and diastolic BP RepSox chemical structure from baseline (63%, -27.7 +/- 13/- 15.1 +/- 8 mm Hg) compared with V-low (46%, -21.2 +/- 13/- 11.4 +/- 8 mm Hg, P < 0.0001) or V-high (51%, -24.0 +/- 13/- 12.0 +/- 10 mm Hg, P < 0.01). Overall and drug-related AEs were mild to moderate and were similar between V/HCTZ (53.1 and 14.1%, respectively) and the two monotherapy groups, V-low (50.5 and 13.8%) and V-high (50.7 and 11.8%). In conclusion, initiating therapy with a combination of valsartan and low-dose HCTZ results in early, improved BP efficacy with similar tolerability as compared with starting treatment with a low or higher dose of valsartan for patients with stage-1 and stage- 2 hypertension. Journal of Human Hypertension (2010) 24, 483-491; doi: 10.1038/jhh.2009.90; published online 10 December 2009″
“Over the years, policies adopted by United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS) have directed allocation of donor hearts in the USA. These policies have been based on algorithms that allocate a higher priority status to those patients who are the most infirm, and would thereby benefit patients in the most dire of circumstances. Over the last 2 decades, the increased

use of LVADs as a bridge to transplantation has had a major impact GSI-IX order on lowering the mortality among those on the heart transplant waiting list. Given the constant risk of potential complications related to these devices, early UNOS policies were implemented to specifically allocate higher priority status to patients on LVADs. However, recent advances in LVAD technology coupled with refinements in patient selection and management have dramatically improved patient survival and led to a reduction in complications. It is inevitable that favorable experiences with the current generation of LVADs coupled with continued improvements in technology will lead to increased use of these devices as a bridge to transplantation or to candidacy. J Heart Lung Transplant 2011;30:971-4 (C) 2011 International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. All rights reserved.

However, only artificial neural networks (NN) have

However, only artificial neural networks (NN) have XMU-MP-1 become popular in medical applications.

Results: We compared several Cox versus NN models in predicting 45-year all-cause mortality (45-ACM) by 18 risk factors selected a priori: age; father life status; mother life status; family history of cardiovascular diseases; job-related physical activity; cigarette smoking; body

mass index (linear and quadratic terms); arm circumference; mean blood pressure; heart rate; forced expiratory volume; serum cholesterol; corneal arcus; diagnoses of cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes; minor ECG abnormalities at rest. Two Italian rural cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, made up of men aged 40 to 59 years, enrolled and first examined in 1960 in Italy. Cox models were estimated by: a) forcing all factors; b) a forward-; and c) a backward-stepwise procedure. Observed cases of deaths and of survivors were computed in decile classes of estimated risk. Forced and stepwise NN were run and compared by C-statistics (ROC analysis) with Pevonedistat concentration the Cox models. Out of 1591 men, 1447 died. Model global accuracies were extremely high by all methods (ROCs > 0.810) but there was no clear-cut superiority of any model to predict 45-ACM. The highest ROCs (> 0.838) were observed by NN.

There were inter-model variations to select predictive covariates: whereas all models concurred to define the role of 10 covariates (mainly cardiovascular risk factors), family history, heart rate and minor ECG abnormalities were not contributors by Cox models

but were so by forced NN. Forced expiratory volume and arm circumference (two protectors), were not selected by stepwise NN but were so by the Cox models.

Conclusions: There were similar global accuracies of NN versus Cox models to predict 45-ACM. NN detected specific predictive covariates having a common thread with physical fitness as related to job physical activity such as arm circumference and forced expiratory volume. Future attention should be concentrated on why NN versus Cox models detect different predictors.”
“Right Ventricular (RV) rupture is a rare and dangerous complication of acute myocardial infarction. find more There are limited reports on RV free wall rupture. In this paper we describe the outcome of an autopsy case of cardiac death by rupture of the free wall of the right ventricle in a 51-year-old man with coronary artery disease and hypertrophic-sclerotic cardiomyopathy.”
“The horseshoe kidney is the most common renal fusion anomaly. Approximately one-third is associated with other congenital anomalies. The combination of horseshoe kidney and bilateral ureteral duplication is a very rare entity. The horseshoe kidney anomaly discovered incidentally in ultrasound examination in our patient when he was being detected for urinary incontinence. Because he had dilated renal pelvis he had undergone intravenous pyelography (IVP).

However, this decrease was masked by thermal effects at the norma

However, this decrease was masked by thermal effects at the normal magnetometry

time-scales of measurement. Upon thickening the soft layer in the composite stack, S(int)* increased sharply at first and then only slightly. In contrast, the extent of incoherent switching, estimated from the peak value of the minor loop slope, increased slowly at first, and then sharply. The changes in S(int)* and switching are correlated to the microstructure, particularly, grain size effects for the NiW series and growth effects for the hard-soft composite media series. Media signal-to-noise ratio at low recording frequencies, and adjacent track buy CA4P interference also show correlations with S(int)*. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3556899]“
“Stomatal movement results in large and repetitive changes in cell volume and consequently surface area. While endocytosis has been extensively studied and is thought to

be a major mechanism for accommodating the volume changes as evidenced mainly by fluorescent labelling and confocal imaging, studies at the ultrastructural level in intact guard cells of stomata regulated by natural factors have never been reported. Here, it is reported that excretion and folding of the plasmalemma are critical for accommodating the volume alterations in intact guard cells in Vicia faba L. Using transmission electron microscopy in combination with laser confocal microscopy, it was observed that in fully opened stomata the plasmalemma was smooth and tightly adhered to the cell walls while a whole large vacuole appeared in the cell. In the closed stomata, besides vacuole fragmentation, endocytosis of the tonoplast

rather than the plasmalemma commonly occurred. Importantly, in stomata where pore closure was induced by circadian rhythm or CO(2), numerous tiny vesicles were found outside the plasmalemma and, moreover, extensive folding of the plasmalemma could also be found in some regions of the cells. Additionally, an unknown structure was found at the interface between the plasmalemma and cell walls, especially in those areas of the cell where extensive folding occurred, suggesting that plasmalemma turnover is possibly associated with an interaction between the plasmalemma and cell walls. Collectively, the results strongly indicate that excretion and folding of the plasmalemma are AC220 critical for the accommodation of the cell volume alterations during stomatal movement.”
“The spin polarization near the Fermi level in bulk polycrystalline ferrimagnetic thulium is investigated by means of point contact Andreev reflection (PCAR), in the temperature interval (1.9-9.2 K). The highest polarization measured is P = 0.41(8), with barrier parameter Z = 0.39(8), proximity region gap of Delta(1) = 1.26(5) meV and an elevation of the electronic temperature of Delta T(e) = 3.3(8) K, for a lattice temperature of T = 2.20(5) K, and a contact conductance of G 330(5) G(0).

04) after P904 administration compared with a 44 5% increase in v

04) after P904 administration compared with a 44.5% increase in vessel wall area on day 7 (P = .04) and a 34.8% increase on day 10 (P = .22) after ferumoxtran-10 administration. These susceptibility artifacts were correlated with intraplaque iron uptake in the corresponding histologic slices. The number of pixels with signal loss on the ex vivo MR AZD4547 order images was linearly correlated with the logarithm of the iron concentration

(P = .0001; R-2 = 0.93).

Conclusion: Plaque inflammation in rabbits can be detected earlier with P904 than with ferumoxtran-10 owing to the faster blood pharmacokinetics and the early uptake of P904 in the reticuloendothelial system. (C) RSNA, 2009″
“Background: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated the SB202190 MAPK inhibitor efficacy and tolerability of the 5-HT6 receptor antagonist, SB-742457, in subjects with

mild-to-moderate probable Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

Methods: Participating subjects had a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of 12 to 26 after a 4-week, single-blind, placebo run-in phase, and were randomized (2: 1: 1: 2) to receive placebo, SB-742457 5 mg, 15 mg, or 35 mg once daily for 24 weeks. Coprimary efficacy endpoints were the Clinician’s Interview-Based Impression of Change with caregiver input (CIBIC+) score and change from baseline in Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) score at Week 24, in the intent-to-treat (ITT) population. A model-based design provided 90% power to detect a linear trend in treatment response across increasing doses and >= 90% power to compare SB-742457 35 mg with placebo.

Results: 371 subjects were randomized. In the ITT population (n=357), linear trend analysis at Week 24 suggested a dose response for CIBIC+ with a mean slope of -0.05 points/5-mg dose increase (95% confidence interval [CI]:-0.09, -0.01;

p=0.016). The dose response slope for change from baseline in ADAS-Cog was -0.22 points/5-mg dose increase (95% CI: -0.45, 0.01; p=0.059). The adjusted mean treatment difference from placebo at Week 24 for SB-742457 35 mg (-0.31) was significant on CIBIC+ (95% CI: -0.62, -0.00; p=0.047) but non-significant on ADAS-Cog (-1.28 [95% CI: -2.96, 0.40]; p=0.135). Adverse events occurred Emricasan in vivo in 24-37% in the SB-742457 groups vs 29% for placebo; 11-16% discontinued SB-742457 vs 15% for placebo.

Comments: SB-742457 was generally safe and well tolerated and may be efficacious in AD.”
“A multiplex real-time PCR method for discriminating deer and common domestic species, including cattle, goat, horse, donkey, pig, and chicken was developed. Species-specific primer pairs were designed and used to produce different size DNA fragments with diverse melting temperature (T (m) ) values. The specificity and sensitivity of these primer pairs were separately confirmed using simplex real-time PCR analysis. Multiplex real-time PCR analysis was performed using combined primers, yielding distinct melting curve profiles for each species.

The ionic conductivities of the electrolytes were measured using

The ionic conductivities of the electrolytes were measured using a stainless steel/polymer-electrolyte/stainless steel sandwich-type electrode structure using alternating current impedance analysis. The values calculated using the proposed model agree well with experimental data. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals,

Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 117: 3582-3587, 2010″
“Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a significant cause of death for people with epilepsy. Recent research suggests that multiple factors may contribute and that both cardiac and respiratory mechanisms are involved. Both human and animal data suggest that specific genetic factors might play a role in some cases. Recent animal data suggest that serotonin might affect respiratory mechanisms and may be involved. Both cardiac and respiratory abnormalities are more likely with generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Uncontrolled epilepsy, particularly with generalized tonic-clonic seizures, appears selleckchem to be the most highly associated modifiable risk factor for SUDEP.”
“ObjectiveEncountering dying patients with implicit existential

questions requires the nurses to have positive and comfortable attitude to talking about existential issues. This paper describes the nurses’ reflections on existential issues in their communication with patients close to death.

MethodsNurses (n=98) were recruited from a hospital, hospices and homecare teams. Each nurse participated in five group reflection sessions Veliparib molecular weight that were recorded, transcribed and analysed SB273005 mouse using qualitative content analysis.


domains and nine themes emerged. The content domain of the existential conversation covered living, dying and relationships. The process domain dealt with using conversation techniques to open up conversations, being present and confirming. The third domain was about the meaning of existential conversation for nurses. The group reflections revealed a distinct awareness of the value of sensitivity and supportive conversations.

ConclusionThis study supports the assertion that experience of talking about existential issues and supporting environment make nurses comfortable when counselling patients close to death. It was obvious from this study that having the courage to be present and confirming, having time and not trying to solve’ every existential problem were the most important factors in conversations with the patients close to death. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.”
“Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (AFS) is a rare malignant odontogenic tumour regarded as the malignant counterpart of ameloblastic fibroma. It is characterized by a benign epithelial component within a malignant fibrous stroma. AFS is a locally aggressive neoplasm with extremely low potential for metastasis. We report an extremely rare, rapidly progressive, and fatal case originating in the posterior mandible of a 20-year old female patient.

Post hoc analyses by gender suggested a lower minimum effective d

Post hoc analyses by gender suggested a lower minimum effective dose for women. Desmopressin was generally well tolerated. Reductions in serum sodium to < 125 mmol/L in find more six women (taking > 25 mg desmopressin) and two men (aged 67 and 82) taking 100 mg, support lower and gender-specific dosing to reduce

the small but clinically significant risk of hyponatraemia. Each void reduced/hour of sleep gained was associated with significant improvements in QoL. Conclusions: Desmopressin orally disintegrating tablet is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for patients with nocturia. Further exploration of the lower dose range is warranted. Neurourol. Urodynam. 31: 441-447, 2012.

(C) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Several studies conducted in the USA have demonstrated that the effectiveness of bariatric surgery differs between patients from African and European origin. However, little is known AZD6244 on differences in outcomes after bariatric surgery between individuals from other ethnic backgrounds. In this retrospective study, we found that, in terms of weight loss, gastric bypass surgery is less effective in African, South Asian, Turkish and Moroccan patients than in their ethnic Dutch counterparts. Our results underscore that ethnic differences in the effectiveness of bariatric surgery are not limited to those between patients of African and European origin, but extend to other minority groups

as well. Therefore, it is important that prospective studies both determine ethnic differences in weight loss-related improvement of co-morbidities and elucidate the exact reasons for these ethnic disparities.”
“An almost ubiquitous occurrence of imposex and butyltins in the molluscs from US Virgin Islands gives evidence to a widespread contamination with the antifouling agent tributyltin (TBT), which most likely is related RepSox in vitro to a relatively intense ship traffic. Three different muricid neogastropod species Thais deltoidea, Thais rustica and Purpura patula all seem to have potential as suitable and sensitive bioindicators for assessing levels and effects of TBT pollution in coastal areas including coral reefs in the Caribbean Sea. However, considerable interspecies differences in especially accumulation potential of butyltins were seen in this study. Furthermore, a high accumulation potential of TBT in the edible gastropod West Indian topshell (Cittarium pica) was found, despite that no signs of imposex were observed in this archaeogastropod species. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Aims To evaluate the utility of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the LUTS Tool when assessing lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Secondary objectives were to examine associations of LUTS and treatment seeking.

The measured metastable fractions were in good agreement with the

The measured metastable fractions were in good agreement with the calculation, showing a dependence on the discharge pressure. The rate of stepwise ionization was estimated from the excited level densities (measurements and model predictions) and their ionization rate coefficients. It is observed that at relatively low discharge pressures (<10 mTorr) the ionization is mainly provided by the direct ionization, whereas at higher pressure the stepwise

ionization is predominant with increasing absorbed power. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3530578]“
“Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are expected to have an important role in plant adaptation to high temperatures. The impacts of increasing night-time temperature on daytime terpenoid emissions and related gene expression in silver selleck chemicals llc birch (Betula pendula) and European aspen (Populus tremula) clones were studied. The plants were grown under five different night-time temperatures (6, 10, 14, 18, and 22 degrees C) while daytime temperature was kept at a constant 22 degrees C. VOC emissions were collected during the daytime Ganetespib Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor and analysed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). In birch, emissions per leaf area of the C11 homoterpene

4,8-dimethy1-nona-1,3,7-triene (DMNT) and several sesquiterpenes were consistently increased with increasing night-time temperature. Total sesquiterpene (SQT) emissions showed an increase at higher temperatures. In aspen, emissions of DMNT and beta-ocimene increased from 6 degrees C to 14 degrees C, while several other monoterpenes and the SQTs (Z,E)-alpha-farnesene and (E,E)-alpha-farnesene increased

up to 18 degrees C. Total monoterpene and sesquiterpene emission peaked at 18 degrees C, whereas isoprene emissions decreased at 22 degrees C. Leaf area increased across the temperature range of 6-22 degrees C by 32% in birch and by 59% in aspen. Specific leaf area (SLA) was also increased in both species. The genetic regulation of VOC emissions seems MGCD0103 ic50 to be very complex, as indicated by several inverse relationships between emission profiles and expression of several regulatory genes (DXR, DXS, and IPP). The study indicates that increasing night temperature may strongly affect the quantity and quality of daytime VOC emissions of northern deciduous trees.”

Serum uric acid (UA) level as a significant and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and the link between this marker and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in renal transplant recipients remains to be clarified.


A total of 141 renal transplant recipients (83 men), between ages of 18 and 69 (mean age 37 +/- 11), were included in this single center study. In addition to demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters, serum UA concentrations were evaluated. LVH was determined by two-dimensional and M-mode echocardiography.


Serum UA levels were significantly higher (6.14 +/- 1.

Furthermore, we compared the plant diversity and average cover be

Furthermore, we compared the plant diversity and average cover between the two groups of sites. Invasion of goldenrods had a very strong negative effect on wild pollinator diversity as well as abundance. DMH1 mw Plant diversity and average cover were also negatively affected by goldenrod invasion. Wild pollinators were grouped according to their nesting and food specialization, but none were resistant to the invasion, indicating that introduced goldenrod may affect the entire wild pollinator community. Our study emphasises the urgent need to develop specific protection plans

for wild pollinators in habitats threatened by foreign plants and we call for the introduction of programs to stop the invasion of goldenrod not only in Poland, but also on a continental scale. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This study establishes that under conditions of epitaxial Si deposition, embedded Ti-silicide nanostructures undergo shape transitions and migrate upward to the surface during capping with a thin epitaxial Si layer. Many of these structures Alvespimycin Cytoskeletal Signaling inhibitor display a near-hemispherical shape which is attributed to minimization of their surface and interface energies. The density and size of the nanostructures are observed to be temperature-dependent. The

buried islands induce inhomogeneous stress profiles on the capping layer surface. Atomic-force micrographs of the islands show square holes at the surface aligned along [110] directions which suggests that the STI571 concentration sloping surfaces of the pits approximate to (111) surfaces, and the silicide interface is also facetted to match Si (111) planes. Cross-sectional electron micrographs reveal that many islands display faceting. The observed structural changes can be rationalized in terms of the interplay between thermodynamics

and kinetics, solid-state capillarity, and the roughening transition. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3657947]“
“This study tested the hypothesis that executive dysfunction, common in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), is associated with an abnormal frontostriatal network. Structural and diffusion tensor MR scans, the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) targeting cognitive flexibility, and the Trail Making Test B examining parallel sequencing were obtained from 9 patients with left TLE and 17 healthy controls. The five major findings were: (1) Caudate volume is reduced on the left side in TLE. (2) The atrophy involves the dorsal and ventral head of the caudate. (3) These atrophic caudate regions have a corresponding high probability of connections to dorsal prefrontal, anterior cingulate, and orbitofrontal cortex. (4) Smaller caudate volumes are linked to greater numbers of WCST perseverative errors. (5) Reduced connections between caudate and dorsal prefrontal cortex correlated with poorer scores on the Trail Making Test B.

95Co0 05O3) thin films, a ferromagnetic response can be gradually

95Co0.05O3) thin films, a ferromagnetic response can be gradually introduced and tuned. These results, together with the measured anisotropy of the magnetic response, indicate that the unexpected observation of ferromagnetism in orthorhombic o-RMnO3 (R=Y, Ho, Tb, etc.) films originates from strain-driven breaking of the fully compensated magnetic ordering by pushing magnetic moments away from the antiferromagnetic [010] axis. We show that the resulting canting angle and the subsequent ferromagnetic response, gradually increase (up to similar to 1.2 degrees)

by compression of the unit cell. We will discuss the relevance of these findings, in connection to the magnetoelectric response of orthorhombic Fludarabine mouse manganites. (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3514575]“
“PURPOSE: To evaluate photopic and mesopic color discrimination in patients with different types of light-filtering intraocular lenses (IOLs).

SETTING: Peking University Third Hospital, Peking University Eye Center, Beijing, China.

METHODS: Cataract patients with different types of IOLs were enrolled 3 months postoperatively. Overall and partial color discrimination under photopic (1000 lux) and mesopic (40 lux) conditions were evaluated with the Farnsworth-Munsell (FM) 100-hue test. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was tested under both conditions. Subjective visual quality was assessed with the 25-item

LY411575 National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25).

RESULTS: The study evaluated 43 patients with a blue light filtering IOL (15 photochromic, 13 yellow tinted) or an IOL filtering ultraviolet light only (n = 15). The difference in the FM 100-hue total error scores under photopic or mesopic conditions was not statistically significant between groups. There were no statistically significant differences in partial error S63845 order scores in the 10 bands of the FM 100-hue color circle under photopic conditions. Under mesopic condition, there were statistically significant differences in partial error scores in the green to blue green band (color caps 36 to 46) and the blue green to blue band (color caps 46 to 54) (P = .005 and P = .030, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in mean overall or subheading NEI VFQ-25 scores.

CONCLUSIONS: Filtering blue lights under mesopic conditions seemed to modify color discrimination in the green-to-blue bands postoperatively. The modification did not disturb overall color discrimination or cause subjective discomfort.”
“Laparoscopic sacral colpoperineopexy (LSCP) involves posterior graft extension to the perineum for improved posterior support. The objective of this study was to determine whether posterior measurements differed between those that had graft extension done abdominally (A-LSCP) or abdomino-vaginally (AV-LSCP).